Three members of the Connecticut College faculty have been granted tenure and promoted to associate professor by the Connecticut College Board of Trustees. The promotions were effective July 1, and tenure will be effective with successful completion of the 2012-13 academic year. The faculty members are: - James Downs, associate professor of history. Downs' scholarship focuses on the history of race and medicine in the United States in the 19th century. His book, "Sick from Freedom," recently released by Oxford University Press, examines a largely overlooked epidemic that killed hundreds of thousands of freed slaves after the American Civil War. Downs earned a bachelor's degree from the University of Pennsylvania and a master's degree and Ph.D. from Columbia University. - Joseph Schroeder, associate professor of neuroscience. Schroeder's multidisciplinary research interests include the neurobiological mechanisms of behavior, neurodegenerative disease, schizophrenia and drug abuse. The 2011 recipient of Connecticut College's John S. King Faculty Award for Excellence in teaching, he is currently working with his students to develop zebrafish behavioral pharmacology models. Schroeder earned a bachelor's degree from Franklin and Marshall College and a Ph.D. from Thomas Jefferson University. - Lina Perkins Wilder, associate professor of English. Wilder specializes in Renaissance literature and teaches courses on Shakespeare and the early modern period in English literature. Her forthcoming book, from Cambridge University Press, explores the idea of memory in Shakespeare's theater. She earned bachelor's degrees from the University of Rochester and Eastman School of Music and master's degrees and a Ph.D. from Yale University.